Flickr、Unsplash、槟城旅游局/图 Kavita Maheendran/文 李诗琴/翻译&整理
My mother side parents are from Thiruchi, Tamil Nadu and my father side parents are from Tanjavur, Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu = South India or literally translates to land of Tamilians.
From my mother’s side, I am the 4th generation in Malaysia – my great grandparents came to Malaysia with their children (my grandparents). My mom and her siblings were the first generation born in Malaysia.
As for my father’s side, my grandparents were the first one to come to Malaysia. I am considered the 3rd generation. My father and his siblings were the first generation to be born in Malaysia.
Both of my parents’ ancestors worship to a female goddess’ avatar or known as ‘Kula Deivam’ (it means, family God). This female ‘Kula Deivam’ is an avatar of ‘Mariamman’ (main female Goddess Parvathi /wife of Lord Shiva).
There are 4: Saivism, Vaishnavism, Shaktism and Smartism. The main denominations are Shaivism (Lord Shiva) and Vaishnavism (Lord Vishnu). The offerings and Poojai/Poojas (prayers) differs from one another and the ideology slightly differs. Nevertheless, each of these denominations directs back to Hinduism’s main ideology which is “the way of life”.
In Hinduism no one if forced to perform any particular practices. The beauty of Hinduism is that, it is extremely individualistic where one has the freedom on how they practice the religion. Like visitation to Mekkah, Hindus mainly go to either Rameshwaram, Varanasi, Thirupathi, Badrinath and few other more for their pilgrimage. Mostly elderly people participate in the pilgrimage to bring them closer towards ‘Moksha’ (release from the cycle of rebirth) and to wash away their sins.
The ancient vedic way of practicing Hinduism is to worship 5 times in a day, where most Brahmins practices. Over the years, due to working lifestyle – in modern times, most Hindus pray twice (morning & late evening) a day. However for priests, Brahmins and strict Hindu followers do practice worshipping 5 times in a day. On the other hand, Hinduism also stated that one can pray to God at the given time in his/her schedule. Again, that’s how vast and philosophical the religion can get.
All Gods worshipped by both countries are the same. However, there are significant difference between North India and South India worshipping methods. And 1 God that is not recognised by North India is Lord Muruga (son of Shiva and Parvathi). Lord Muruga is known as Tamil God as he only recognised by Tamil speaking land and it is believed that he is God that taught is mantra “Om” to his father Lord Shiva.
In ancient days, temples are built and sculptured from massive rocks or stones and usually it is not painted. However, when colours are founded over the years, it is then used as representation of Gods and as decorative purposes.
Most temples ‘gopuram’ (tower at the entrance of temple) are often built with statues that depicts the stories or mythologies written in Vedas/Puranas or it is purely on dance poses (Bharathanatyam – Tamil Nadu traditional dance). At the same time, murals at the found on walls also shows the important event that took place in the Vedas.
南方印度庙的建筑结构和格局以人体为想象进行对比设计。Dennis Sylvester Hurd摄
– Yes there are. Every months there is a festival and celebration or special prayers are conducted. I will list down a few here:
- Ponggal (harvest festival)
- Chittirai Putthandu (Tamil New Year)
- Vinayagar Chathurthi (the birth of Lord Ganesha – elephant God)
- Navarathri (9 days celebration of Hindu Goddess)
- Kaarthigai Deepam (festival of lights to commemorate the greatness of Lord Shiva & avatar of Lord Murugan as 6 faced God)
Deepavali celebrated by all Hindus; people in North India don’t celebrate Thaipusam.
每逢屠妖节总会在马来西亚的各大商场看见KOLAM装饰。 Slices of Light 摄
“Sacred Structures: Artistic Renditions of Hindu Temples in Malaysia and Singapore”
Karnan (1964) – part of Bagavad Gita
Sarawathi Sabatham (1966)
Mookuthi Amman (2020)